Mineral Class: Phosphate
Crystal System: Hexagonal
Luster: Vitreous to Subresinous
Diaphaneity: Transparent to Translucent
Colors: Blue, Green, Violet, Pink, and Yellow
Source: Brazil, Canada, Mexico, Norway, Russia, and USA
Apatite is the most common phosphate mineral, and is the main source of the phosphorus required by plants. The bones and teeth of humans and most animals are composed of calcium phosphate, which is the same material as Apatite. The name of this stone is derived from the Greek word apate meaning “to deceive”. The name was invented in 1786 by German geologist, Abraham Gottlob Werner because, as he wrote, "until now it has misled all mineralogists in its identification." Apatite is sometimes confused with Peridot, Beryl, and other minerals. Its chameleon like qualities make it a sought after stone for many uses. Combinations of fluorine, chlorine, and hydroxide, create the range in color within Apatites. From deep blue to green, yellow, and brown, as well as the more rare colors of pink or even violet.
Fun Facts: Astronauts collected rocks from the Moon and discovered that they contained Apatite. Apatite preserves dinosaur bones and is composed primarily of calcium and phosphate, the most abundant mineral in your body.